Combating

desertification

Landscape, onset of the rainy season. Burkina Faso. © D. Masse
Factsheet

Biodiversity and land degradation - A mutual combat for sustainable development in dryland areas

“Nature is declining globally at rates unprecedented in human history.” The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) published an alarming report in 2019 on the state of biodiversity worldwide, while calling on everyone to react right away. According to IPBES, about 1 million living species are threatened and global species extinction is occurring at a 100 to 1,000 times faster rate than previously. What about drylands? CSFD offers its outlook and proposes nine recommendations to combat both land and biodiversity degradation and support sustainable development in these regions.

IPBES (2018) considers that combating land degradation is a priority to protect biodiversity and ecosystem services that are fundamental to all life on Earth, in line with the Sustainable Development Goals 1. In (...)

Publication of a new dossier dedicated to desertification monitoring by remote sensing
Topical issue

Publication of a new dossier dedicated to desertification monitoring by remote sensing

Carbon in dryland soils
Factsheet

Carbon in dryland soils

Multiple essential functions

Local impact indicators
R&D

Local impact indicators

For projects to combat land degradation and desertification

A global land degradation assessment and mapping method
Factsheet

A global land degradation assessment and mapping method

A standard guideline proposal

A female cowherd and two young Fulani cowherds tending a small herd of Bororo cows. (Niger). © P. Hiernaux
Factsheet

Biodiversity and land degradation in dryland areas - Role of pastoralism

Fiche d’actualité du CSFD - 2021

Pastoral livestock herding has long been blamed for contributing to
environmental degradation1 and especially to biodiversity loss. Is this criticism
warranted given that pastoralism is still—and has long been—a key economic
activity in Sahelian-Saharan Africa? Preconceived ideas or reality? These
questions are addressed hereafter…

(1) Steinfeld H. et al. 2006. Livestock’s long shadow: environmental issues and options. FAO, Rome, 390 p.

Gender issues in arid zones
Factsheet

Gender issues in arid zones

Women: actors in the combat against desertification

Publication of a new CSFD topical issue on Land degradation Neutrality
Topical issue

Publication of a new CSFD topical issue on Land degradation Neutrality

Pastoralism in dryland areas
Factsheet

Pastoralism in dryland areas

A case study in sub-Saharan Africa

Desertification and land degradation trend indicators
R&D

Desertification and land degradation trend indicators

Traditional oasis © RADDO
Factsheet

Biodiversity and land degradation in dryland regions - Importance of agrobiodiversity in oases

Fiche d’actualité du CSFD - 2021

This agroforestry-based three-storied cropping system accounts for the so-called ‘oasis effect’, i.e. creation of a microclimate conducive to agriculture. Date palms filter sunlight, while serving as a windbreak for the understorey crops and helping maintain soil moisture, which in turn reduces the air temperature. This multistoried cropping system also enhances the root distribution in the soil as well as plant uptake of available resources, including water. Ecologically intensive oasis agriculture is often associated with extensive livestock farming on vast rangelands—a combined mixed cropping- livestock farming system that enhances soil fertility. From the outset, oasis systems are intimately based on agrobiodiversity. Oases therefore have a diversified agricultural heritage. Morocco, for instance, hosts 453 date palm cultivars and over 2,300 natural hybrids, Tunisia (...)

The African Great Green Wall project (May 2019)
Topical issue

The African Great Green Wall project (May 2019)

What advice can scientists provide?

Harvesting fonio (Guinea) © A. Barnaud
Factsheet

Ecological engineering

for sustainable agriculture in arid and semiarid West African regions

The African Great Green Wall project
Topical issue

The African Great Green Wall project

What advice can scientists provide?

Is biochar “green”?
Topical issue

Is biochar “green”?

Contact

CSFD
Comité Scientifique Français de la Désertification
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F-34394 Montpellier CEDEX 5 •  France
Tel.: +33 (0)4 67 04 75 73• email: csfd@agropolis.fr

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